The long-lasting coffee culture in Vietnam has made this country one of the most well-known coffee growing and processing regions in the world. Also, Vietnam currently stands in the top 5 exporting countries in terms of coffee products.
- Overview of Vietnamese coffee production
With more than 1 million tons of coffee per year, this commodity is one of Vietnam’s agricultural strengths.
1.1. History of Vietnamese coffee production
After being brought to Vietnam by the French in the 1850s, coffee was first grown in the North provinces, e.g. Son La, Dien Bien, before being spreaded downwards to Central and Southern areas such as Nghe An, Ha Tinh. From then onwards, Vietnam began to product rising and stable coffee output.
1.2. Output of Vietnamese coffee production
From MY 2018/19 to MY 2020/21, Vietnam coffee output unfortunately saw a marginal decrease due to the natural disasters and Covid-19 pandemic. Specifically, in MY 2019/20, the output fell by 5% compared to last year and took up 17.8% of world production. Similarly, the Vietnamese coffee output in MY 2020/21 is projected to also fall by 15% due to the droughts and floods in mid-2021, therefore negatively affecting Vietnamese coffee yields.
1.3. Types of Vietnamese coffee production
Two main varieties of Vietnamese coffee are Arabica and Robusta
This type of coffee only makes up 10% of total Vietnamese coffee production due to complex and specific natural and processing requirements in order to ensure top-quality coffee.
This is Vietnam’s main type of coffee for production, accounting for up to 90% of total Vietnamese coffee production.
- Production process of Vietnamese coffee production
In order to produce best-quality coffee beans, the coffee production process requires complex stages and careful handling
2.1. Growing conditions of Vietnamese coffee production
Each type of coffee requires different specific climatic conditions, which means that Vietnamese coffee production is quite demanding. For example, the Arabica coffee beans need to be grown in places with temperatures ranging between 15° to 24°C and an annual rainfall of 1200 – 2200mm per year, while Robusta requires a location with higher temperature and more rainfall.
2.2. Harvesting of Vietnamese coffee production
In Vietnam, hand-harvested technique is more preferable than machines because the beans that are harvested manually can be more even. In this way, skilled labour can make sure that ripe fruits are ready to be picked, which reaches a rate of over 95% and the impurity percentage can not exceed 0.5%.
2.3. Processing methods and how to preserve Vietnamese coffee production
Harvesting coffee is important but the next step, processing, is even more indispensable to determine the coffee quality.
- Processing methods
There are three main coffee processing methods: dry, washed and honey processes. Different types of coffee beans, customer’s preferences, locations require different techniques.
To keep the coffee aroma for longer, it is recommended that you should store it in a closed jar or a sealed bag for a month.
- Where to buy Vietnamese coffee
Where to buy Vietnamese coffee depends on whether customers wish to buy in small or big quantities.
- For retails: Customers can buy Vietnamese coffee in small quantities in supermarkets, convenience stores, or retailers.
- For bulks: Vietnamese coffee in bulks can be found online, from E-commerce platforms such as Alibaba, or from reliable Vietnamese coffee producers/suppliers who are well-known for their high-quality products and reasonable prices.
K-Agriculture – Prominent Vietnamese coffee suppliers
Established in 1996, K-Agriculture has been a famous coffee manufacturer, distributor, and exporter ever since. This company is one of the leading wholesale Vietnamese companies which is supported by the Ministry of Industry and Trade.
Phone: +84 855555837 (Whatsapp Available)